Saturday 22nd March 2019 16th Adar 2 5779
Parashat Tzav Alan Gilman - Torahbytes
Lev 6:1 - 8:36; Jer 7:21 – 8:3, 9:22-23; Matt 9:10-17
For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices. But this command I gave them: "Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and you shall be my people. And walk in all the way that I command you, that it may be well with you." (Jeremiah 7:22-23)
Why would God make it sound as if he didn't say something that he so clearly said? Why would he say that he didn't speak to the people of Israel about sacrifices when so much of the content of his instructions was about just that? The sacrificial system was central to the life of the community and makes up a large percentage of what he revealed to Moses for the nation.
In terms of the chronology of events, it's true that sacrifice was not the first item on God's revelatory list for the people, though neither were the words "Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and you shall be my people." Could it be that Jeremiah was referring to an alternate understanding of early Israelite history that doesn't include the sacrificial system? That's the sort of thinking I have run into from some scholars. It's not that I don't appreciate high-level scholarship - far from it - as I have been so blessed by some people of deep learning. Still, once you allow yourself to become suspicious of the integrity of the biblical text, it's simple to dismantle it in so many ways.
Personally, I don't have much respect for theories that claim there were all sorts of disparate sources that were eventually sewn together, resulting in the Scriptures we have today. If there are ever found ancient manuscript evidence to back up such claims, I would give such an idea some consideration, but there aren't.
Sensitive readers of Scripture are able to pick up on God's intentions found within his Word without resorting to complex theories. The point God is making in this particular example from Jeremiah should be clear.
Of course God spoke about sacrifices to his people following the Exodus. The extreme statement that sounds as if God was silent on sacrifices contrasted with his word about obeying him is purposely designed to make a strong point. There's something about the nature of sacrifice that leads people to confuse their priorities. This tendency is common to all external ritualistic observances. Going through the motions of a ritual or other outward expression without possessing the necessary internal heart attitude is something we can all slip into.