S’firat HaOmer - Counting of the Omer

The counting of the Omer (Hebrew: ספירת העומר, Sefirat HaOmer) is an important verbal counting of each of the forty-nine days between the Festival of Passover and Shavuot as stated in the Hebrew Bible:

Leviticus 23:15–16.

“‘From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord."

This mitzvah ("commandment") derives from the Torah commandment to count forty-nine days beginning from the day on which the Omer, an offering containing an omer-measure of barley, was offered in the Temple in Jerusalem:

"When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest an omer of the first grain you harvest. He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath." (Lev. 23:10, 11)

The command to bring the first sheaf of the harvest to the Temple is of great significance to the disciples of Yeshua. It is an obscure appointment on the Biblical calendar, sometimes called the First Fruits of the Barley Harvest, but better known simply by its Biblical name, "The Omer." The Omer is a minor festival with major Messianic implications.

The Omer and the Messiah

On the same day that the Master was tried before an assemblage of priests and judges from the Sanhedrin, apostles of the Sanhedrin were